THIS DAY IN HISTORY:
In 1818, Illinois was admitted as the 21st state.
In 1828, Andrew Jackson was elected president of the United States.
In 1857, Jozef Teodor Konrad Korzeniowski - later known as Joseph Conrad - was born in Poland.
In 1925, "Concerto in F," by George Gershwin, had its world premiere at New York's Carnegie Hall, with Gershwin himself at the piano.
In 1947, the Tennessee Williams play "A Streetcar Named Desire" opened on Broadway.
In 1953, the musical "Kismet" opened on Broadway.
In 1960, the musical "Camelot" opened on Broadway.
In 1964, police arrested some 800 students at the University of California at Berkeley, one day after the students stormed the administration building and staged a massive sit-in.
In 1967, surgeons in Cape Town, South Africa, led by Dr. Christiaan Barnard performed the first human heart transplant on Louis Washkansky, who lived 18 days with the new heart.
In 1979, 11 people were killed in a crush of fans at Cincinnati's Riverfront Coliseum, where the British rock group The Who was performing.
Twenty years ago today, in 1984, thousands of people died after a cloud of methyl isocyanate gas escaped from a pesticide plant operated by a Union Carbide subsidiary in Bhopal, India.
In 1992, the Greek tanker Aegean Sea spilled 21.5 million gallons of crude oil when it ran aground at La Coruna, Spain.
Ten years ago today:
Rebel Serbs in Bosnia failed to keep a pledge to release hundreds of U.N. peacekeepers, some of whom had been held for more than a week. AIDS activist Elizabeth Glaser, who along with her two children were infected with HIV because of a blood transfusion, died in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 47.
Five years ago today:
Six firefighters died while battling a fire in an abandoned Worcester, Mass., industrial building. Scientists failed to make contact with the Mars Polar Lander after it began its fiery descent toward the Red Planet; the spacecraft is presumed destroyed. Tori Murden of the United States became the first woman to row across the Atlantic Ocean alone as she arrived at the French Carribean island of Guadeloupe, 81 days after leaving the Canary Islands near the coast of Africa. Billionaire banker Edmond Safra suffocated in a smoke-filled bathroom in his Monaco apartment; American nurse Ted Maher confessed to setting the fire that killed the 67-year-old Safra. Oscar-nominated actress Madeline Kahn died at age 57.
One year ago:
A U.N. tribunal convicted and sentenced a radio news director and a newspaper editor to life imprisonment for their role in promoting the 1994 Rwandan genocide. British actor David Hemmings died on a Romanian movie set; he was 62.
Country singer Ferlin Husky is 79. Singer Andy Williams is 77. Movie director Jean-Luc Godard is 74. Singer Jaye P. Morgan is 73. Actress Mary Alice is 63. Rock singer Ozzy Osbourne is 56. Actress Heather Menzies is 55. Country musician Paul Gregg (Restless Heart) is 50. Actor Steven Culp ("Desperate Housewives") is 49. Actress Daryl Hannah is 44. Actress Julianne Moore is 44. Actor Brendan Fraser is 36. Singer Montell Jordan is 36. Actor Royale Watkins is 35. Actor Bruno Campos is 31. Actress Holly Marie Combs is 31. Actress Lauren Roman is 29. Actress Anna Chlumsky is 24. Actor Brian Bonsall is 23. Actor Michael Angarano is 17.